Conflict Resolution Strategy: Virtual Autism

I don’t know if you have heard of the work of Stanley Milgram

File:Milgram Experiment v2.png

You can read about his famous/infamous experiment at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milgram_experiment

What he basically showed is that under the instruction of authority, most people are willing to inflict considerable pain on others, up to possibly causing their deaths. The experiment was ethically controversial, and would not be allowed by current rules on the ethics of experiments. It has also been subject to considerable debate as to what it really means as you will see in the article.

But I am interested in a related phenomena. I am working on a research program to measure the impact of conflict at the neural level. In particular, I am interested in whether conflict induces mind-blindness or autism in people, who are not technically on the autism spectrum. Once we define the other as being in conflict with us, do we switch off any attempt to understand their perspective, or feel what they feel. In another posting I will look at the relevant neuro-science. Let’s look at one implication.

In our daily lives we have arguments with other people. We sometimes say hurtful things in the heat of the moment to those close to us, or who are in our power in some way, or simply run across in our daily lives. But we are somewhat checked in this behavior by seeing the effect on others of what we have said. We feel their pain, and unless we are a sadist or sociopath, we generally don’t like this experience.

But on-line, in comment streams following on line articles, blogs etc. there are no such checks or balances. People under the cloak of anonymity say the most awful things to each other. Take a look at the follow-on from any controversial topic: climate change, moral politics, deficit reduction, Obama. The participants insult each other’s motives, fail to listen to each other’s arguments, and are like broken records saying the same thing over and over again with no one listening. Would they do this face to face?

No wonder we are walling off into on-line belief ghettos. Geographers have mapped the tendency for us to live with like-minded people so we don’t have to experience conflict over beliefs face to face, even though this might moderate the extremism of our views. (See the ‘Big Sort’ by Bill Bishop for details of the geographical ghettoization of America on political and moral value dimensions.)

In some ways then I see the internet world of blogs and commentary as a gigantic version of the Milgram Experiment. We feel empowered to inflict pain on other people without thought. The men in the white coats have said it is fine, it is free speech etc. And we mustn’t admit it: we can’t say: hey that hurt! We are in a mind-blind world like the toughest school playground (the mental age of many participants is mid high school?). We get insulted and insult back.

But we face enormous problems as a world society, and we cannot solve them from within ‘vain citadels’ where we are impervious to alternative perspectives. We cannot solve them if we throw rocks at each other and deny each other a hearing. We actually need cognitive diversity on complex problems. Just like in business we need finance, IT, sales, whoever and we need them to contribute their perspective not some vanilla middle blah.

I try on this blog to impose standards of civility not only because I think that is an appropriate way to conduct ourselves. I do it to ensure that the content of people’s arguments are more likely to be heard. When someone shouts at you at work, in the home or on the street, do you pay much attention to the content of their argument? Does it make you more or less likely to agree with them? Or reflex shouting back? Yet much internet comment is a rant, a shout. If we could see the hurt we are actually inflicting, would we like Milgram’s subjects, keep on pressing the button or would we moderate our behavior?

And I try in this blog to role model civility: I don’t mind if the content of what I say is not to some people’s liking, but I am trying to express it in a way that is respectful and can be heard. To date almost all the hundreds of people reading this blog have respected this approach. Next time you go on line, think about it. And see if you can divert a comment stream back to civility: if we all did our bit?

About creativeconflictwisdom

I spent 32 years in a Fortune Five company working on conflict: organizational, labor relations and senior management. I have consulted in a dozen different business sectors and the US Military. I work with a local environmental non profit. I have written a book on the neuroscience of conflict, and its implications for conflict handling called Creative Conflict Wisdom (forthcoming).
This entry was posted in Conflict Processes, PERSONAL CONFLICT RESOLUTION: CREATIVE STRATEGIES, Uncategorized, Ways to handle conflict. Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Conflict Resolution Strategy: Virtual Autism

  1. Pingback: Mental Disorders 101

  2. Victor says:

    The blogs are like the old old Hyde Park corner where anyone could stand on a soap box and say anything— the judge was their market–if nobody turned up another speaker would take the soap box.

    I feel a lot of the blog conversation has to do with the PC censure ship of public speech.

    People vent on blogs, as with Hyde Park Corner it will sort its self out in a freemarket
    I doubt that the old soap box tradition exists in the UK or Canada these days– a pity

    Better to vent than to seethe

    BTW the evans case was heard this week— any ruling?

    • My Dad went to the same local pub more or less every night from March 1950 until his death at 93 in February 2009. The shifting population over 59 years covered all topics in heated debate, often switching sides from night to night to test arguments for their worth. It was a free market in ideas, but like all efficient markets it had rules, though as with the best markets perhaps, informal and enforced by the arguers. There was a high level of civility and careful listening to the other side the better to denounce it with cries of Rubbish! And then a cogent point by point counter, not an abusive one. Neither venting nor stewing but clever rhetoric from a very varied bunch of teachers, professors, lawyers, bank managers, tax inspectors, and managers like my Dad. My Dad found the same thing when he visited the Welsh valleys and debated with the miners in my uncle’s local pub.

      It seems to me that this is a more generative model for blogging than High Park Corner ranting as the fact that the arguers had to live with each other so to speak meant that the reputation for honesty and correct use of facts was valuable. No one much cared about the stance taken or its movement to another stance for the sheer joy of arguing.

      No news from Ireland, where I understand the tradition of pub arguing is also alive and well.

  3. Thanks to @mental disorders 101. Clearly I am using autistic metaphorically as I see structural similarities with the development disorder autistic spectrum. In later postings I will explore what I call ‘induced autism’ or mind blindness/lack of theory of mind of the other side in conflict more fully and my conflict model is partly about overcoming this; I was encouraged in this perspective by Professor Simon Baron Cohen at Cambridge UK when I met him. He is one of the world’s leading medical experts on the autistic spectrum.

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